Commercial emergency drug kits for dentistry can provide consistent drug availability along with a service to update drugs on a regular basis. Dentists must document that all emergency equipment and drug expiration dates are checked on a regularly scheduled basis.
What do you consider the most important emergency drug in the dental practice?
Epinephrine represents the most important drug in the emergency kit.
What are the three primary items needed incase of a medical emergency in the dental office?
The components of a sound medical emergency plan for the dental office should include:
- Medical emergency prevention.
- Development of an action plan.
- Recognizing a patient’s distress and management of medical emergencies.
- Emergency drugs and equipment.
How often should you examine your drugs in your medical emergency kit?
When the expiration date has been reached, the medication should be taken out and replaced. It is recommended to check all medications and supplies in an emergency kit once each month to look for and replace anything that has reached its expiration date.
What are emergency drugs?
|Hydrocortisone||Adrenal insufficiency Recurrent anaphylaxis|
|Morphine or nitrous oxide||Angina pain unresponsive to nitroglycerin|
|Naloxone||Reversal of opioid overdose|
|Lorazepam or Midazolam||Status epilepticus|
What is the most common and least life threatening emergency in the dental office?
Syncope is the most common emergency seen in dental offices (50% to 60% of all emergencies).
Why do you think it is important to understand the signs and symptoms of a medical emergency in the dental office?
By understanding the signs and symptoms of an emergency as it is occurring, a dental professional can identify the proper method of care, intervention, and if at all possible, prevention of the episode. Identifying the warning signs of these medical related emergencies is essential.
How do you handle a dental emergency?
Rinse the mouth using warm water; rinse any broken pieces. If there’s bleeding, apply a piece of gauze to the area for about 10 minutes or until the bleeding stops. Apply a cold compress to the outside of the mouth, cheek, or lip near the broken/chipped tooth to keep any swelling down and relieve pain.