Which of the following is a contraindication for Aspirin EMT?
Known allergy to Aspirin (e.g. asthma), active GI ulceration or bleeding, hemophilia or other bleeding disorders, during pregnancy, children under 2 years of age. GI: Nausea, vomiting, heartburn, and stomach pain. OTIC:Tinnitus. Hypersensitivity:Bronchospasm, tightness in chest, angioedema, urticaria, and anaphylaxis.
What is a contraindication for Aspirin administration?
They are: ▪ Allergic to aspirin. ▪ Has taken 325 mg aspirin within 60 minutes for this event. ▪ Blood pressure more than 180 over more than 110. ▪ Active or suspected GI bleeding.
When do you give Aspirin for EMT?
According to the American Heart Association’s ACLS guidelines, aspirin should be given in the immediate general treatment of “chest pain suggestive of ischemia”. 4.2.
Which of the following refers to chest pain that occurs when blood supply to the heart is reduced and a portion of the heart muscle is not receiving enough oxygen?
Causes of myocardial ischemia
Myocardial ischemia occurs when blood flow to your heart is reduced, preventing the heart muscle from receiving enough oxygen. The reduced blood flow is usually the result of a partial or complete blockage of your heart’s arteries (coronary arteries).
Do you give aspirin or nitroglycerin first?
Many people take a baby aspirin or an adult aspirin daily to prevent such. I always suggest you consult your physician, but I believe that nitroglycerin should be administered first. Someone who is already on aspirin may not benefit from an additional aspirin during a crisis.
How do you give an EMT an aspirin?
Allow patient to self administer the aspirin if they are able to do so. If they are not able to self administer, assure BSI precautions and place the tablets in the patient’s mouth. Instruct patient to chew the tablets until they are dissolved. Do not give fluids by mouth.
What should not be taken with aspirin?
If you are taking aspirin to prevent heart attack or stroke, avoid also taking ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin). Ibuprofen can make aspirin less effective in protecting your heart and blood vessels. If you must use both medications, ask your doctor how far apart your doses should be.
When do you administer aspirin?
Take low-dose aspirin once a day. Don’t take it on an empty stomach. It’s best to take it with or just after food. This will make it less likely to upset your stomach.
Why is asthma a contraindication for aspirin?
When medications such as NSAIDs or aspirin block the COX-1 enzyme, production of thromboxane and some anti-inflammatory prostaglandins is decreased, and in patients with aspirin-induced asthma, this results in the overproduction of pro-inflammatory leukotrienes, which can cause severe exacerbations of asthma and …
What medications are EMT allowed to administer?
Medications authorized for administration by EMTs are:
- Activated Charcoal.
- Epinephrine, 1:1,000 via EpiPen® or vial.
- Nitroglycerin (Tablet or Spray)
- Oral Glucose Gel.
What do you check before administering aspirin?
– Assess pain and/or pyrexia one hour before or after medication. – In long-term therapy monitor renal and liver function and ototoxicity. – Assess other medication for possible interactions – especially warfarin which is a special hazard.
What drugs does aspirin interact with?
Some products that may interact with this drug include: mifepristone, acetazolamide, “blood thinners” (such as warfarin, heparin), corticosteroids (such as prednisone), dichlorphenamide, methotrexate, valproic acid, herbal medications (such as ginkgo biloba).