What is epilepsy EMT?

Diseases of the brain, where there has been at least one seizure and an ongoing risk of recurring seizures, are collectively known as epilepsy. Any seizure that lasts for more than a brief period is a medical emergency.

Can EMS cause seizures?

A generalized seizure is the type most likely to be encountered by EMS responders. A generalized tonic clonic seizure can also be caused by head trauma, poisoning, brain tumors, metabolic disorders or other acute conditions affecting the brain.

How is status epilepticus treated as an EMT?

Current Prehospital Treatment Recommendation for the Patient in Status Epilepticus. Level A Recommendation: IM injection of midazolam should be the first-line EMS treatment of the patient in SE without an established intravenous line.

How do you explain what epilepsy is?

Epilepsy comes from a Greek word meaning “to hold or seize,” and people who have epilepsy have seizures. You might also hear a seizure called a convulsion, fit, or spell. Your brain cells are constantly sending out electrical signals that travel along nerves to the rest of the body.

What is epilepsy and how do you get it?

In general, epilepsy and seizures result from abnormal circuit activity in the brain. Any event ranging from faulty wiring during brain development, brain inflammation, physical injury or infection can lead to seizure and epilepsy. Underlying causes for epilepsy include: Brain structure abnormalities. Genetics.

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How do Emts treat seizure?

Benzodiazepines, such as Valium (diazepam), Ativan (lorazepam) or Versed (midazolam), are the first line treatment for seizures. The earlier a seizure is treated with a benzodiazepine, the more likely it is to terminate [3].

What are the 3 types of seizures?

The different types of generalized seizures are:

  • absence seizures (formerly known as petit mal)
  • tonic-clonic or convulsive seizures (formerly known as grand mal)
  • atonic seizures (also known as drop attacks)
  • clonic seizures.
  • tonic seizures.
  • myoclonic seizures.

Do you stop breathing during seizure?

During the tonic phase of the seizure, they may temporarily stop breathing and their face may become dusky or blue, especially around the mouth. This period is usually brief (usually no more than 30 to 45 seconds) and does not require CPR.

Does your brain get oxygen during a seizure?

Recorded generalized tonic clonic seizures were marked by significant decreases in brain oxygenation values, providing the first noninvasively obtained proof that drops in brain oxygen do occur with generalized convulsive seizures.

Do you apply oxygen during a seizure?

Oxygen. In many cases, a child who is having a seizure will be given oxygen by emergency services. However, the benefits of this have not been studied. In most cases, it is not necessary to give a child oxygen during a brief seizure.

Can epilepsy be cured?

There’s no cure for epilepsy, but early treatment can make a big difference. Uncontrolled or prolonged seizures can lead to brain damage. Epilepsy also raises the risk of sudden unexplained death. The condition can be successfully managed.

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Does epilepsy go away?

While many forms of epilepsy require lifelong treatment to control the seizures, for some people the seizures eventually go away. The odds of becoming seizure-free are not as good for adults or for children with severe epilepsy syndromes, but it is possible that seizures may decrease or even stop over time.

What are the warning signs of epilepsy?

Seizure signs and symptoms may include:

  • Temporary confusion.
  • A staring spell.
  • Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs.
  • Loss of consciousness or awareness.
  • Cognitive or emotional symptoms, such as fear, anxiety or deja vu.
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