Quick Answer: Which is the most frequently encountered emergency in a dental environment?

Syncope is the most common emergency seen in dental offices (50% to 60% of all emergencies).

What causes most medical emergencies in a dental office?

Medical emergencies were most likely to occur during and after local anesthesia, primarily during tooth extraction and endodontics. Over 60% of the emergencies were syncope, with hyperventilation the next most frequent at 7%.

How is nitroglycerin administered in emergency situations?

Sublingual nitroglycerin is typically administered one tablet or spray every five minutes up to three doses. Some prehospital protocols recommend continuing dosage and even administering higher dose nitroglycerin two to three sublingual doses together in cases of hypertensive congestive heart failure.

What is nitroglycerin used for in the dental office?

For patients with angina pectoris, a fresh supply of nitroglycerin should be available at the time of the appointment. Prophylactic nitroglycerin has been shown to be effective in the prevention of both hypertension and angina pectoris during dental treatment.

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What does Pabcd mean?

PABCD: Position, airway, breathing, circulation, definitive treatment.

What is the most common and least life threatening emergency in the dental office?

Syncope is the most common emergency seen in dental offices (50% to 60% of all emergencies).

Why do you think it is important to understand the signs and symptoms of a medical emergency in the dental office?

By understanding the signs and symptoms of an emergency as it is occurring, a dental professional can identify the proper method of care, intervention, and if at all possible, prevention of the episode. Identifying the warning signs of these medical related emergencies is essential.

Do you give aspirin or nitroglycerin first?

Many people take a baby aspirin or an adult aspirin daily to prevent such. I always suggest you consult your physician, but I believe that nitroglycerin should be administered first. Someone who is already on aspirin may not benefit from an additional aspirin during a crisis.

How long does nitroglycerin last in your system?

Nitroglycerin acts in the body for an extremely short period (the half-life is 1 to 4 minutes), although it is metabolized to longer-lived active metabolites.

Can taking nitroglycerin hurt you?

Take it only when you have chest pain. If you take too much: You could have dangerous levels of the drug in your body. Symptoms of an overdose of this drug can include: throbbing headache.

Does nitroglycerin explode if dropped?

Nitroglycerin is an oily, colourless liquid, but also a high explosive that is so unstable that the slightest jolt, impact or friction can cause it to spontaneously detonate. … It is the speed of the decomposition reaction which makes nitroglycerin such a violent explosive.

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What is the most common side effect of nitroglycerin?

Side Effects

Headache, dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, and flushing may occur as your body adjusts to this medication. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. Headache is often a sign that this medication is working.

Why is nitroglycerine usually given in a dental setting?

Every diagnosed angina pectoris patient should have been prescribed a rapid-acting nitrate (nitroglycerine) to relieve the pain of an acute anginal attack. The patient should bring this nitroglycerine with him to every dental appointment.

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