How do EMTs treat diabetes?

Hypoglycemia is somewhat unique among prehospital emergencies because it has multiple EMT treatment options, including: Encouraging the patient to eat his or her own food. Administering the patient oral glucose. Monitoring the patient’s airway and breathing while waiting for paramedics to arrive.

How do EMTs treat high blood sugar?

Emergency treatment for severe hyperglycemia

  1. Fluid replacement. You’ll receive fluids — usually through a vein (intravenously) — until you’re rehydrated. …
  2. Electrolyte replacement. Electrolytes are minerals in your blood that are necessary for your tissues to function properly. …
  3. Insulin therapy.

Can an EMT administer insulin?

“In most states, basic EMTs [emergency medical technicians] cannot administer glucagon,” said study senior author Dr. Robert Gabbay, chief medical officer at the Joslin Diabetes Center in Boston. But paramedics can give the injections, said Dr.

At what sugar level should I go to the hospital?

According to the University of Michigan, blood sugar levels of 300 mg/dL or more can be dangerous. They recommend calling a doctor if you have two readings in a row of 300 or more. Call your doctor if you’re worried about any symptoms of high blood sugar.

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How long can you live with controlled diabetes?

A 55-year-old male with type 2 diabetes could expect to live for another 13.2–21.1 years, while the general expectancy would be another 24.7 years. A 75-year-old male with the disease might expect to live for another 4.3–9.6 years, compared with the general expectancy of another 10 years.

Can EMTs check blood sugar?

EMTs can check a blood glucose and, if they determine a need to treat, they will,” McEvoy said. Patients who are awake, but non-cooperative or who have a decreased level of consciousness – V, P, U on the AVPU scale – need another treatment for their hypoglycemia. Glucagon is an option, as is injected dextrose.

When do you give oral glucose EMT?

Oral glucose is part of many EMS protocols when the patient is awake enough to cooperate, has an intact gag reflex that will protect the patient from aspirating the substance, and is not nauseated or vomiting.

What is the normal range for blood sugar?

A blood sugar level less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is normal. A reading of more than 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) after two hours indicates diabetes. A reading between 140 and 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) indicates prediabetes.

What are the signs of a diabetic emergency?

What are the signs and symptoms of a diabetic emergency?

  • hunger.
  • clammy skin.
  • profuse sweating.
  • drowsiness or confusion.
  • weakness or feeling faint.
  • sudden loss of responsiveness.

What is diabetic coma symptoms?

Symptoms

  • Increased thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Fatigue.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Stomach pain.
  • Fruity breath odor.
  • A very dry mouth.
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What is a diabetic crisis?

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening problem that affects people with diabetes. It occurs when the body starts breaking down fat at a rate that is much too fast. The liver processes the fat into a fuel called ketones, which causes the blood to become acidic.

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