The initial treatment consists of administration of oxygen, aspirin, nitroglycerin, morphine, and a beta-blocker. Given an altered, yet nondiagnostic ECG and no contraindications, further treatment with heparin (low-molecular weight or unfractionated), clopidogrel, or other antiplatelet agents may be initiated.
How does an EMT treat chest pain?
The most common range for prehospital fluid boluses is between 250-500 cc. Once the blood pressure was stable (>100 mmHg systolic), the crew began to treat the chest pain with nitroglycerin. Nitroglycerin is a medication that dilates the blood vessels; it works rapidly when administered sublingually (under the tongue).
What is the best treatment for angina?
Several medications can improve angina symptoms, including:
- Aspirin. Aspirin and other anti-platelet medications reduce the ability of your blood to clot, making it easier for blood to flow through narrowed heart arteries.
- Nitrates. …
- Beta blockers. …
- Statins. …
- Calcium channel blockers. …
- Ranolazine (Ranexa).
How do paramedics treat heart attacks?
The paramedics or ambulance staff have a defibrillator with them. One or more electrical shocks from the defibrillator can restore a normal heart rhythm and save the person’s life.
Do you call EMS for angina?
If the casualty is not diagnosed with angina and has chest pain call 999/112 for emergency help. If this is their first angina attack, they have no angina medication on them, the pain comes on at rest, is more fequent, worse or different to previouse attacks, advise them to seek urgent medical aid.
Should you give morphine chest pain?
Morphine is currently used and recommended for the treatment of chest pain during myocardial infarction, but the level of evidence is low, attributed to the lack of supportive clinical studies.
What do you do if a patient complains of chest pain?
If you or someone else may be having a heart attack, follow these first-aid steps:
- Call 911 or emergency medical assistance. …
- Chew aspirin. …
- Take nitroglycerin, if prescribed. …
- Begin CPR on the person having a heart attack.
What is the fastest way to cure angina?
The fastest way to treat angina is with rest and by making lifestyle changes. Medications, home care and medical interventions may also help. If you experience infrequent pain or discomfort around the chest or heart, you could have angina. This condition is caused by a lack of blood flow to your heart muscle.
Can angina be detected on an ECG?
An ECG done while you’re having symptoms can help your doctor determine whether chest pain is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscle, such as with the chest pain of unstable angina.
What are the warning signs of clogged arteries?
Warning signs associated with clogged arteries include leg pain and chest pain.
Common symptoms of aortoiliac disease include:
- Cramping or pain in the calves, buttocks and/or thighs while walking.
- Pain in the toes, numbness or a cold feeling in the legs while at rest.
- Foot and/or leg ulcers may develop.