The changes allow EMTs to administer epinephrine by injection, meaning the drugs is drawn into a needle from a vial, as opposed to using an auto-injector like the name brand EpiPen device. Epinephrine is used in life-threatening cases of serious allergic reactions.
Can an EMT administer epinephrine?
EMRs and EMTs perform only a limited scope of medical interventions, and EMRs are generally not permitted to administer epinephrine. In some states, EMTs are not allowed to either, or they need to undergo specific training in administering epi from their medical director, a physician who oversees an EMS agency.
What drugs can an EMT administer?
Medications authorized for administration by EMTs are:
- Activated Charcoal.
- Epinephrine, 1:1,000 via EpiPen® or vial.
- Nitroglycerin (Tablet or Spray)
- Oral Glucose Gel.
Who can administer adrenaline?
The law gives a very clear and simple answer to this question: ANYONE CAN. In 2012 the Medicines Act was broadened to state that any lay person can administer adrenalin for the purpose of saving a life.
Can an EMT give an IM injection?
EMT-Basics are not trained to administer intramuscular medications, nor previously ever authorized to administer vaccinations.
Can an EMT give Narcan?
Twenty-four states legally allow intermediate EMS (AEMT and EMT-I) and paramedics to carry and administer naloxone. Five states allow all levels of EMS aside from EMR to carry and administer naloxone, and 19 states allow all levels of first responders to carry and dispense the drug.
What procedures can an EMT perform?
Besides employing basic medical assessment skills, typical procedures provided by EMTs include CPR, automated external defibrillation, mechanical ventilation using a bag valve mask, placement of air way adjuncts such as oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal airways, pulse oximetry, glucose testing using a glucometer, …
What strength of adrenaline should be given?
Adults: The usual dose is 500 micrograms (0.5ml of adrenaline 1/1000). If necessary, this dose may be repeated several times at 5-minute intervals according to blood pressure, pulse and respiratory function. Half doses of adrenaline may be safer for patients who are taking amitriptyline, imipramine or a beta blocker.
Where should adrenaline be injected?
The best site for IM injection is the anterolateral aspect of the middle third of the thigh. The needle used for injection needs to be sufficiently long to ensure that the adrenaline is injected into muscle.
How quickly does adrenaline work?
The medicine should start working almost immediately. If your child’s symptoms have not improved 5 minutes after using the auto-injector, give another dose of adrenaline using a new pen. Keep the child in the recovery position or lying down till help arrives.